CD & DVD Glossary
.... Definitions and Terms for CDs, DVDs, Production, Manufacturing, PrePress, Printing and Packaging




DVD Glossary CD Glossary Printing Categories
Source media / dvd format / dvd media Source media / cd format / cd media Disc Printing
DVD Authoring, Encoding
DVD Video

CD Programming
Installers
Disc Packaging
DVD Premastering CD Premastering Prepress, Proofs, Printed Test Disc
DVD Production
Manufacturing, costs
C
hoosing packaging

CD Production
Manufacturing, costs

Choosing packaging
Printing and Art PrePress terms
USEFUL ARTICLES, FORUMS, SITES USEFUL ARTICLES, FORUMS, SITES

General Glossary

General multimedia terms,


Term
Definition
Source & Further Info:

12cm disc
Standard size disc, 12cm, 5"

8cm disc
Mini disc, 8cm, 3"
Business card discs with rounded edges and rectangular card discs are discouraged
The capacity is less as the cd is smaller.

shape disc
A disc cut to a specific shape (the above mini discs are molded in that shape, ie poured into a mold). Shaped disc requests are being offered mini round or clear substarte instead

Disc Manufacturing & Replication
Disc Manufacturing or Replication refers to the creation of a pressed disc by using a glass master and pressing the data into the media. The substrate is poured out into a mold to form the disc.

After mass replication, the discs can be offset printed or silkscreened with artwork and packaged. Original source media (CDR, DVDR or DLT tapes) can be returned. The glass master used to make the replicates can not be returned as it too fragile to travel.

Duplication & Recordables
Duplication refers to the burning of recordable media with a CD or DVD Burner or Recorder which burns the data onto an existing recordable disc. CD/DVD Burners can be desktop models or slightly larger arrays of desktop models used for creating short runs of recordables.

Recordables are not considered "flight-ready" by the US government. DVDr-s do not play the same way on all DVD players as the ISO standards and programming is rapidly changing. Because DVD-Rs and DVD Players are still evolving, DVDRs are not a good choice for public release.

Recordable media also tends to add to project cost as the media has to be purchased, so again, is suitable only for small runs.

Recordables can be silkscreened or printed with a desktop printer such as thermal printing. They can not be offset printed due to the pressure offset printing exerts on the discs as the recordable substrate gets damaged.

DVD Glossary

Source media / dvd format / dvd media


Term
Definition
Source & Further Info:

DVD
Short for digital versatile disc or digital video disc, a type of optical disk technology similar to the CD-ROM . A DVD holds a minimum of 4.7 GB of data, enough for a full-length movie. DVDs are commonly used as a medium for digital representation of movies and other multimedia presentations that combine sound with graphics.The DVD specification supports disks with capacities of from 4.7GB to 17GB and access rates of 600KBps to 1.3 MBps . One of the best features of DVD drives is that they are backward-compatible with CD-ROMs, meaning they can play old CD-ROMs, CD-I disks, and video CDs, as well as new DVD-ROMs . Newer DVD players can also read CD-R disks.

DVD uses MPEG-2 to compress video data.
http://www.webopedia.com
/TERM/D/DVD.html

DLT
Tape format required for mastering DVD-9.Short for Digital Linear Tape, a type of magnetic tape storage device originally developed by DEC and now marketed by several companies. DLTs are ?-inch wide and the cartridges come in several sizes ranging from 20 to over 40 GB . DLT drives are faster than most other types of tape drives, achieving transfer rates of 2.5 MBps
http://www.webopedia.com
/TERM/D/DLT.html

DVD-R
Short for Short for DVD-R ecordable , a recordable DVD format similar to CD-R . A DVD-R can only record data once and then the data becomes permanent on the disc. The disc can not be recorded onto a second time. There also are two additional standards for DVD-R disks: DVD-RG for general use, and DVD-RA for authoring, which is used for mastering DVD video or data and is not typically available to the general public. DVD-R, DVD-RW and DVD-RAM are supported by Panasonic, Toshiba, Apple Computer, Hitachi, NEC, Pioneer, Samsung and Sharp. These formats are also supported by the DVD Forum.

http://www.webopedia.com
/TERM/D/DVD_R.html

DVD-RW
Short for DVD-R eWritable , a re-recordable DVD format similar to DVD+RW . The data on a DVD-RW disc can be erased and recorded over numerous times without damaging the medium. DVD-R, DVD-RW and DVD-RAM are supported by Panasonic, Toshiba, Apple Computer, Hitachi, NEC, Pioneer, Samsung and Sharp. These formats are also supported by the DVD Forum.

http://www.webopedia.com
/TERM/D/DVD_RW.html

DVD+RW
Short for DVD+R eWritable , a re-recordable DVD format similar to CD-RW . The data on a DVD+RW disc can be erased and recorded over numerous times without damaging the medium. DVD+RW and DVD+R formats are supported by Philips, Sony, Hewlett-Packard, Dell, Ricoh, Yamaha and others.
http://www.webopedia.com
/TERM/D/DVD_plus_RW.html

DVD-RAM
A DVD format wherein DVD-RAM discs can be recorded and erased repeatedly but are only compatible with devices manufactured by the companies that support the DVD-RAM format. DVD-RAM discs are typically housed in cartridges. DVD-R, DVD-RW and DVD-RAM are supported by Panasonic, Toshiba, Apple Computer, Hitachi, NEC, Pioneer, Samsung and Sharp. These formats are also supported by the DVD Forum.

http://www.webopedia.com
/TERM/D/DVD_RAM.html

DVD-ROM
A new type of read-only compact disc that can hold a minimum of 4.7GB ( gigabytes ), enough for a full-length movie.

The DVD-ROM specification supports disks with capacities of from 4.7GB to 17GB and access rates of 600 KBps to 1.3 MBps . One of the best features of DVD-ROM drives is that they are backward-compatible with CD-ROMs. This means that DVD-ROM players can play old CD-ROMs, CD-I disks, and video CDs, as well as new DVD-ROMs. Newer DVD players can also read CD-R disks.

DVD-ROMs use MPEG-2 to compress video data.
http://www.webopedia.com
/TERM/D/DVD_ROM.html

DVD-10
DVD-10 (12 cm, DS/SL)
8.74 gig (9.40 BB), about 4.5 hours
http://www.dvddemystified.com
/dvdfaq.html#3.3

DVD-14
DVD-14 (12 cm, DS/ML)
12.32 gig (13.24 BB), about 6.5 hours

DVD-18
DVD-18 (12 cm, DS/DL)
15.90 gig (17.08 BB), over 8 hours

DVD-5
DVD-5 (12 cm, SS/SL)
4.37 gig (4.70 BB) of data, over 2 hours of video

DVD-9
DVD-9 (12 cm, SS/DL)
7.95 gig (8.54 BB), about 4 hours

Layer 1
Refers to the 1st data layer on one side of a DVD. DVD-5 uses layer 1 only.

Layer 2
Refers to the 2nd data layer on one side of a DVD. DVD-9 uses layer 1 and layer 2.

Hybrid DVD
A disc that works in both DVD-Video players and DVD-ROM PCs. (More accurately called an enhanced DVD)

A DVD-ROM disc that runs on Windows and Mac OS computers. (More accurately called a cross-platform DVD.)

A DVD-ROM or DVD-Video disc that also contains Web content for connecting to the Internet. (More accurately called a WebDVD or Enhanced DVD.)

A disc that contains both DVD-Video and DVD-Audio content or SACD content. (More accurately called a universal or AV DVD. The DVD-Audio standard allows this. The SACD standard does not officially allow video, so it's unclear what a  given SACD player will do with a hybrid SACD+DVD-Video disc.) Other variations of this hybrid would be a disc with both DVD-Audio and SACD content, or a disc with all three formats.

A disc with two layers, one that can be read in DVD players and one that can be read in CD players. (More accurately called a legacy or CD-compatible disc.)
http://www.dvddemystified.com
/dvdfaq.html#1.31

DVD Authoring, Encoding


Term
Definition
Source & Further Info:

DVD authoring
For DVD-Video, authoring refers to the process of designing, creating, collecting, formatting, and encoding material. For DVD-ROM, authoring usually refers to using a specialized program to produce multimedia software.
http://www.dvddemystified.com
/glossary.html

DVD Authoring Systems
A list of DVD authoring systems
http://www.dvddemystified.com
/dvdfaq.html#5.4

DVD encoding
To transform data for storage or transmission, usually in such a way that redundancies are eliminated or complexity is reduced. Most compression is based on one or more encoding methods. Data such as audio or video is encoded for efficient storage or transmission and is decoded for access or display.

Encryption
DVD can be encrypted to prevent illegal copying.
CSS & Macrovision are two common methods.We are currently using CSS. You will need to use CSS in your premastering stage.

What is CSS?

The Content Scramble System (CSS) is the protection system that has enabled the owners of movie content to provide consumers access to high quality DVD movies for home viewing on their video systems and computers. CSS prevents movies from being illegally duplicated, protecting the intellectual property of the manufacturers, producers and writers from theft. CSS is a two-part system for which manufacturers of both the movie content (discs) and hardware or software (players) purchase licenses. The information on DVD discs is encrypted. The DVD players - either a computer drive or a home video player - have technology to 'decrypt' the information so it can be viewed. CSS is critical to DVD.
http://www.dvdcca.org (DVDROM, CSS)

http://www.dvdcca.org/faq.html


DVD Copying
Making a copy of a commercial DVD is generally illegal, but assuming that you have a legitimate need for copying disc to disc (such as your own disc) and you have the rights to do so , the following link will help you.

"If you have a legitimate need to copy a DVD, such as a disc you made yourself, there are a number of options. You can hook a DVD player to a set-top DVD video recorder. Some DVD authoring software (see 5.4 ) can import video from an unprotected disc. There are computer software utilities you can use to extract video and audio from a disc, which you can then use to make a new disc. There are also software tools for copying entire discs. See 6.4.2 and 5.3.3 for tools; see 5.8 for how to make your own DVDs. "
http://www.dvddemystified.com
/dvdfaq.html#5.4

DVD Video


Term
Definition
Source & Further Info:

MPEG
Short for Moving Picture Experts Group, and pronounced m-peg, a working group of ISO. The term also refers to the family of digital video compression standards and file formats developed by the group. MPEG generally produces better-quality video than competing formats, such as Video for Windows ,Indeo and QuickTime . MPEG files can be decoded by special hardware or by software.

MPEG achieves high compression rate by storing only the changes from one frame to another, instead of each entire frame. The video information is then encoded using a technique called DCT. MPEG uses a type of lossy compression, since some data is removed. But the diminishment of data is generally imperceptible to the human eye.
http://www.webopedia.com
/TERM/M/MPEG.html

MPEG 1
The most common implementations of the MPEG-1 standard provide a video resolution of 352-by-240 at 30 frames per second (fps). This produces video quality slightly below the quality of conventional VCR videos.

MPEG 2
MPEG-2 offers resolutions of 720x480 and 1280x720 at 60 fps, with full CD-quality audio. This is sufficient for all the major TV standards, including NTSC , and even HDTV . MPEG-2 is used by DVD-ROMs . MPEG-2 can compress a 2 hour video into a few gigabytes. While decompressing an MPEG-2 data stream requires only modest computing power, encoding video in MPEG-2 format requires significantly more processing power.

MPEG 4
MPEG-4 is a graphics and video compression algorithm standard that is based on MPEG-1 and MPEG-2 and Apple QuickTime technology. Wavelet -based MPEG-4 files are smaller than JPEG or QuickTime files, so they are designed to transmit video and images over a narrower bandwidth and can mix video with text, graphics and 2-D and 3-D animation layers. MPEG-4 was standardized in October 1998 in the ISO /IEC document 14496.

NTSC
Short for National Television System Committee . The NTSC is responsible for setting television and video standards in the United States (in Europe and the rest of the world, the dominant television standards are PAL and SECAM). The NTSC standard for television defines a composite video signal with a refresh rate of 60 half- frames (interlaced) per second. Each frame contains 525 lines and can contain 16 million different colors.

The NTSC standard is in compatible with most computer video standards, which generally use RGB video signals. However, you can insert special video adapters into your computer that convert NTSC signals into computer video signals and vice versa.
http://www.webopedia.com
/TERM/N/NTSC.htm

QuickTime
A video and animation system developed by Apple Computer . QuickTime is built into the Macintosh operating system and is used by most Mac applications that include video or animation. PCs can also run files in QuickTime format , but they require a special QuickTime driver . QuickTime supports most encoding formats, including Cinepak ,JPEG , and MPEG . QuickTime is competing with a number of other standards , including AVI and ActiveMovie .

In February 1998, the ISO standards body gave Quicktime a boost by deciding to use it as the basis for the new MPEG-4 standard.
http://www.webopedia.com
/TERM/Q/QuickTime.html

AVI
A format developed by Microsoft Corporation for storing video and audio information. Files in this format have a.AVI extension . AVI files are limited to 320 x 240 resolution , and 30 frames per second , neither of which is adequate for full-screen, full-motion video. However, Video for Windows does not require any special hardware , making it the lowest common denominator for multimedia applications . Many multimedia producers use this format because it allows them to sell their products to the largest base of users .

Video for Windows supports several data compression techniques, including RLE, Indeo , and Cinepak . A competing software -only video format is QuickTime .
http://www.webopedia.com
/TERM/V/Video_for_Windows.html

ActiveMovie
A multimedia streaming technology developed by Microsoft . ActiveMovie is already built into the Internet Explorer browser will be part of future versions of the Windows operating system . Supporting most multimedia formats, including MPEG , ActiveMovie enables users to view multimedia content distributed over the Internet , an intranet , or CD-ROM .

ActiveMovie's main competition is the QuickTime standard developed by Apple Computer .
http://www.webopedia.com/
TERM/A/ActiveMovie.html

DVD Premastering


Term
Definition
Source & Further Info:

Premastering
The creation of a DVD to be used as a master for DVD replication.

The process of preparing data in the final format to create a DVD disc image for mastering. Includes creating DVD control and navigation data, multiplexing data streams together, generating error-correction codes, and performing channel modulation. Often includes the process of encoding video, audio, and subpictures.

Formatting
1) Creating a disc image. 2) Preparing storage media for recording.

ISO
International Organization for Standardization.
www.iso.ch

http://dir.yahoo.com
/Reference/Standards.._ISO_


Book A – Book E
Book A: DVD Read Only Specifications - The basic DVD-ROM specification.  DVD-Video and DVD-Audio are file system and player specifications that are built on top of this specification.

Book B: DVD Video Specifications - Currently, the most popular form of DVD, which is used to present movies, video, or still pictures.  It can also present audio programs, but with less capability than the DVD-Audio specification.

Book C: DVD Audio Specifications - The format designed to enable very high quality multi-channel audio.  Discs designed for this specification can also present video or still pictures.

Book D: DVD Write-Once (DVD-R) Specifications

Book E: DVD Rewritable (DVD-RW) Specifications

http://www.dvdburning.biz
/dvd-specifications.htm

DVD Burners
These are available from a variety of sources. We tend to buy our computers & peripherals from PC Mall & Mac Mall.

DVD Production


Term
Definition
Source & Further Info:

Manufacturing Pressed DVDs - Minimum Order Qty
Min Order: 1000 qty....this is due to the enormous set up costs with pressed dvds. Each dvd run includes the cost of the glass master, the disc manufacturing & pressing of data into it, film & printing plates used for the disc offset printing, and a test disc complete with offset printing & data for your review.

DVD Manufacturing & DVD Replication
DVD Manufacturing or Replication refers to the creation of a DVD disc by using a glass master and pressing the data into the media. The substrate is poured out into a mold to form the disc.

After mass replication, the DVDs can be offset printed or silkscreened with artwork and packaged. Original source media ( DVDR or DLT tapes) can be returned. The glass master used to make the replicates can not be returned as it too fragile to travel.

DVD Duplication & Recordables
Duplication refers to the burning of recordable DVD media (DVDR) with a DVD Burner or Recorder which burns the data onto an existing recordable DVD. DVD Burners can be desktop models or slightly larger arrays of desktop models used for creating short runs of DVD-Rs.

DVD-Rs are not considered "flight-ready" by the US government. DVDr-s do not play the same way on all DVD players as the ISO standards and programming is rapidly changing. Because DVD-Rs and DVD Players are still evolving, DVDRs are not a good choice for public release.

Recordable media also tends to add to project cost as the media has to be purchased, so again, is suitable only for small runs.

DVD-Rs can be silkscreened or printed with a desktop printer such as thermal printing. They can not be offset printed due to the pressure offset printing exerts on the discs as the recordable substrate gets damaged.

BLER
Manufacturing terminology:
Block error rate. A measure of the average number of raw channel errors when reading or writing a disc.

DVD Manufacturing Pricing
Replication costs from bulk dvds to dvds with premium packaging, posted on line. These are frequently asked for packages & quantities (1000 - 10,000)For large qty manufacturing (> 10,000), you will need special considerations, including different freight options.
DVD Manufacturing Pricing
- bulk & with dvd packaging

DVD Testing
Included in your manufacturing is a test disc with data. This will allow you to test your disc yourself for any authoring or content flaws. Manufacturing machines can catch only manufacturing defects- things like bad bits, BLERS, E22s, etc. They can not catch programming flaws. Your original DVDR master, may not play the same way as your pressed DVD, so it is important that you proof your test disc thoroughly.

Should you have a data change, there will be a charge for a new glass master and test disc ($$several hundred dollars), so you don't want to make trivial changes, make those decisions in premastering. But if you find a terrible problem, such as no audio track for example, the new master fee is far less than rerunning the entire job.

Your test disc will also be printed, and this will allow you to proof the DVD face printing. PDF proofs & paper proofs can give you a preliminary idea of the artwork, but the final offset printing or silkscreening on the disc may look different as 1) it's on a silver disc not paper or computer, 2) the method of printing is different, and 3) the actual printing run can vary (order in which inks are applied, operator judgement, etc. Repeat jobs use a previous disc for reference and matching.

Cost for art changes increases incrementally as you progress from original art to pdfs, film, printing plates and test disc. It is less expensive to make art changes early in the process if possible, but the cost of art change at test disc stage ($one-two hundred) is far less than re-running an entire packaged job.

Art and data changes can be made at the same time and share the cost of the resulting new test disc.

For your project to be successful, you need to see a printed dvd test disc with data! We will bypass these if your schedule demands it, but we do not recommend it.

Choosing DVD Packaging
You'll want to choose your packaging based on a number of factors, including budget, the market you are targeting, distribution & sales method. If you're not sure where to start, you may wan to window shop the examples & photos page to see what other clients chose.

For example, discs that are free give always, usually involve paper windows or 4C minijackets to keep costs down.

Discs being sold in a high end retail environment will generally require tall, substantial packaging. Tall Custom Tray style folders, custom folds, box sets, slipcases, snapperpaks, boxes...generally speaking the fancier the packaging the more attention a product gets and in theory, the more the customer is willing to spend.


Standard retail, where you would expect your product to be with similarly priced/packaged units would include dvd amaray boxes & jewelcases.

Discs that are going to be distributed via mail, will want lightweight packaging, and packaging that does not crack. Stay away from jewelcases. DVD amaray boxes won't crack, but are heavy. An oversized dvd folder or mailer is a good option.


Choose a different paper stock to convey a natural feeling like recycled content or fiberboard, or use printing options like varnish, embossing, and die cut to customize.

Discs going in food containers (cereal boxes, beverage containers, etc) often are packaged in moisture & dust resistant packaging like sealed PVC vinyl. Over the neck bottle packaging is also available.

Discs going in magazines frequently use paper sleeves, minijackets, or special paper inserts with discs attached with an adhesive sleeve or hub.

Insider TIP - it is not expensive to create custom packaging, especially if cardboard based! Use this option to create unique packaging.

Window Shop Examples & Photos, see what other clients did



Inexpensive Minijackets


Premium Packaging:
Tall Custom Tray Style Folders
Snapper Paks
Multi Disc Sets

DVD Amaray Boxes
Jewelcases

Jackets & Wallets
Mailers
Popup Paks

Recopaks & Fiberboard

Artwork Categories

Disc Printing


Term
Definition
Source & Further Info:

5C
5 colors...usually cmyk + 1C white flood.

Disc Face
The surface of the disc, or the image printed on the disc.

Disc Varnish
yes it can be done! Adds an especially glossy covering, but can sometimes mute artwork- talk to one of our graphics specialists.

Flood
A flood of color, usually a white flood that goes behind the disc artwork. prevents the silver from showing through.

Offset Printing
Printing method employing the transfer of the image from a printing plate to an intermediate roller, which presses the image onto the disc. This is done once for each color. Due to its higer line screen, this printing method is preferred for photographs or any artwork that needs a smooth appearance.
See examples pages or artwork department

Printing Plates
Plates used in the disc or packaging printing

Platemaking : Making a printing plate from a film or flat including preparation of the plate surface, sensitizing, exposing through the flat, developing or processing, and finishing.


Silkscreening
Printing method employing a fine screen, upon which a mask bearing the image to be printed has been applied, and through which ink is forced onto the disc surface by the action of a squeegee.

A photosensitive film is appied to this screen. The image to be printed is printed onto a transparent sheet (film) in positive. The film sheet is placed in contact with the photosensitive film and the photpresistive film is exposed to light through the film.

Disc Packaging


Term
Definition
Source & Further Info:

Sleeves
Paper sleeves, usually with a window and usually white. Colored paper sleeves also available.

Minijackets, jackets, Wallets, Folders
Cardboard packaging printed full color. The disc is either slid inside by using a pocket, or attached with a foam hub.

4C/4C & 4C/1C
Refer to paper inserts usually.
4C/4C is 4 colors both sides, cmyk or full color
4C/1C is 4C front or outside (full color) and black on the inside or back

Jewelcase
Clear plastic cd sized box, has place for a paper insert in the front and a tray card under the tray in the back.

Printed paper inserts such as :
front insert (2panel insert = one piece of paper)
folders (usually 4 panel, folds in half like a wallet)
gatefold booklets(folds to center, generally 6 or 8 panels)
stapled booklets (generally 8 or more pages)

DVD Box (amaray style)
Hard plastic box, traditionally black, DVD size, that has a vinyl plastic overlay around the front for a DVD Wrap to be inserted. A plastic enclosure holds the disc to the box.

DVD Wraps are printed one side only as one side is visible.
Inside literature can be an insert or a booklet.

DigiClear
A clear dvd box that can be silkscreened or offset printed. No paper inserts are used with this box.

CD sized packaging
Traditional size used for cd marketing, 5"
Think of jewelcases.
CDs & DVDs are the same size, but marketing sells the types of products a little differently.

DVD sized packaging
Traditional size used for dvd marketing, 7"
Think of dvd movies.
Taller packages tend to have more presence and seems to command more of a selling price.

Custom Tray
A full color printed jacket with a clear tray attached to it. Available in a number of panels, CD & DVD size, and custom folds.

Snapper pak
This is a snapping box enclosure that has a full color cardboard insert attached. used very frequently by Warner Brothers for feature film release.

Retail packaging
to be sold in a store

Software Box
A full color cardboard box used to sell software (like Microsoft Office) or games or educational materials (Jumpstart). Has an inner cardboard shelf to support the cd which is packaged in a paper sleeve, jacket, or jewelcase.

Hangtag
J hook, attached to a package to make it able to hang up. Almost any lightweight package can have a hangtag attached. Printed cardboard "slabs" can also be made and the cd attached by means of shrinkwrap, blister pak, or hub.

Blisterpak
hard plastic overlay, like on battery packages, or pens.

Foam hub
Squishy round circle that the disc can sit on, holds the disc in place. The inner ring of the disc fits on it. Foam hubs work for full size or mini size discs as the inner ring tends to be the same.

Prepress, proofs, Printed Test Disc


Term
Definition
Source & Further Info:

Film
Used for silkscreening or offset printing.
Transparencies, one produced for c, y, m, and k, or for each spot color -- negatives for offset printing; in silkscreening, positives are used.

Printed Test Disc
Your test disc will (in addition to having data) be printed, and this will allow you to proof the disc face printing. PDF proofs & paper proofs can give you a preliminary idea of the artwork, but the final offset printing or silkscreening on the disc may look different as 1) it's on a silver disc not paper or computer, 2) the method of printing is different, and 3) the actual printing run can vary (order in which inks are applied, operator judgement, etc. Repeat jobs use a previous disc for reference and matching.

Cost for art changes increases incrementally as you progress from original art to pdfs, film, printing plates and test disc. It is less expensive to make art changes early in the process if possible, but the cost of art change at test disc stage ($one-two hundred) is far less than re-running an entire packaged job.

Art and data changes can be made at the same time and share the cost of the resulting new test disc.

For your project to be successful, you need to see a printed test disc with data! We will bypass these if your schedule demands it, but we do not recommend it.

Color Matchprints
Paper matchprints for cmyk colors. It will give you a good opportunity to catch layout flaws or check colors. Special color matchprints can be produced for spot colors (PMS).

Press-Proof : Actual press sheet to show image, tone values and colors as well as imposition of frame or press-plate.


Proof Set
= printed test disc with data + color matchprints, FedEx'd to you for approval. No need to return, we just need you to review.

Printing and Art Pre-Press Terms


Term
Definition
Source & Further Info:

C
Abbreviation for the standard process color Cyan (see Process Color)

CMYK
Abbreviation for the standard process colors Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black (see Process Color)

K
Abbreviation for the standard process color Black (see Process Color)

M
Abbreviation for the standard process colo Magenta (see Process Color)

Pantone
Color matching system, used widely to specify exact color. Pantone color swatch books are available at print shops and many online stores.

Process Color
the colors used to make up just about any picture, much like the RGB on television screens (images were made up of red, green and blue).
Cyan, magenta, Yellow, Black

Process Inks : Printing inks, usually in sets of four colors. The most common combination is yellow, magenta, cyan, and black, which are printed, one over another in that order, to obtain a colored print with the desired hues, whites, blacks, and grays.

Primary Colors : In printing the four primary colors are cyan (blue), magenta (red), yellow and black.


Spread
Two or more panels arranged as they will appear on the unassembled signatures (printers spreads) or in the finished book (readers spreads)

Spread, Printers
Spreads that have been prepared for production of printing film and plates.

Spread, Readers
Spreads that have been prepared for viewing as the reader will see them. Readers spreads are commonly used at the design phase of a layout, with the file converted to printers spreads

Y
Abbreviation for the standard process color Yellow (see Process Color)

panel, pp
Each face of a finished, assembled printed piece. A single sheet CD jewelcase insert (not a folded piece) has two panels - the front and the back.

CD silkscreening
Printing done by squeezing ink through a fine screen, areas of which having been coated to stop the flow of ink. Best with solid color artwork. For halftones, offset printing is usually recommended.
CD silk screening, CD screening, CD screen printing

Embossing
Embossing : To raise in relief a design or letters already printed on card stock or heavy paper by an uninked block or die. In rubber and plastic plate making the process is usually done by heat.

Gamut
The range of colors that can be produced by a color system. An RGB video monitor has a wider gamut than process printing.

Halftone
Ink printed at less than 100% coverage, usually by printing varying sized dots. The eye blends these dots to give the appearance of a a lower density of ink.
Imposition
The creation of printers spreads from the individual panels. Most layout programs can automatically produce printers spreads.

Metallic Ink
Special PMS colors like metallic silver

Perforating
Perforating : Punching small holes or slits in a sheet of paper or cardboard to facilitate tearing along a desired line.

Rich black
black, printed using a mix of the other process colors, to produce a deeper tone. Rich blacks can be made warmer or cooler in hue by adding a larger proportion of one of the additional inks.
Saddle Stitch
Assembliing of a booklet by stacking the printed spreads

Spot Colors or PMS or Pantone colors
These are colors custom-mixed for a specific hue - Pantone (TM) colors are standardized color formulas, used to convey color value objectively.

For example, Coca Cola (TM) uses a specific red on all of their products. If this red were a cmyk version, the results might vary a little.


UV (Spot UV)
A UV cured coating with very high gloss.

Varnish
All printed products include a standard varnish which sets the ink and keeps it from smearing. However certain artwork calls for special varnish like a matte varnish, or spot UV or UV gloss or lamination.

bleed
Practice of printing beyond trimlines, to avoid paper white showing through should trimming be a little off the trim marks. Recommended bleed is 1/8 inch. CD artwork should generally have no bleed, although we recommend leaving bleed so that supplied art can be placed in our production template, where the final cropping takes place.

flood
Ink or coating which covers an entire printed piece. On a CD, flood generally refers to the white ink printed before the other colors.

ink limit, total ink
the maximum amount of ink that may be applied in printing to avoid oversaturation of the paper. Typically around 300% for most paper printing.

knock out
Used to describe the situation in which an ink or object "knocks out", or replaces, all the inks below it in the final printing. This setting for an ink or object is made in the graphics program. As a rule, light colors should be set to knock out darker inks. Opposite term is "overprint".

overprint
Used to describe the situation in which one ink or object overlays all the inks below it in the final printing. This setting for an ink or object is made in the graphics program. As a rule, only darker colors should be set to overprint. By default, black is usually set to overprint in graphics programs. Opposite term is "knockout".

process color, CMYK inks, process inks
Four industry standard inks, cyan, magenta, yellow, black

registration marks
Crosshairs or other features, placed on artwork to allow close alignment of the various color plates.

spot color
Premixed color, used to print colors out of the process color gamut, or where a more solid color is desired. Also used to ensure exact color.

spot varnish, spot UV, spot gloss
Varnish which has knockouts in one or more places. Frequently used to create printable areas on CD or DVD mailers.

trap
Creating overlap where one color of ink abuts another. Without trap, white (paper) or silver (raw CD surface) could show through if registration is not perfect.

varnish
Clear coating, applied over inks for protection and to enhance appearance.
















Ready to Manufacture?


If you know what you want to manufacture, send us your detailed spec and we can help you with the costs.

SPEC:

Qty: (300/500 is the min order)
Media:
Media Packaging:
...Dimensions & Construction Sketch or Photo:
...Paper Stock / Finishes:
...Printing:
...Special Printing Effects or Die Cuts:
...Other Printed Items such as a Booklet or Slipcase:
Proofing Needed:
Assembly:
Product Weight if known:
Shipping: standard 5-7 days, US address (let us know if different)

Source media: replication ready /formatted disc image file (or for usbs & video screens, usb & video content) & print ready artwork laid out on our templates. We will create the templates for you as part of the project.

Manufacturing Quote - upload your spec



Need Spec Development?


If you need some help defining your spec, we do have packaging engineers on hand that can assist you at an hourly rate. They can help you with ideas and develop your packaging / printing spec plus give you multiple production estimates if you need them. If you are working with your graphics artist, generally they will provide the packaging / printing spec for you.

Request Spec Development Consulting

 

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